Diarrhea: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention

Introduction of Diarrhea

Diarrhea is a bacterial disease caused by a bacteria called Salmonella. It reaches the patient's body through contaminated water. This infection is mainly spread by Entamoeba histolytica. This disease is the name of the condition in which one has to pass stools frequently and these stools are very thin. These loose motions come at short intervals and the water content in them is very high. 

Diarrhea: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention

This disease easily occurs in children and the elderly because their immunity is very weak. This disease is caused by accumulation of excess fluid in the intestines. If this disease is not taken care of, then the life of the patient can also be lost. Below we will learn about what are the symptoms of diarrhea and what are its causes and how can it be treated.

Cause of Diarrhea
Diarrhea is caused by contaminated water which contains Salmonella bacteria and this infection is spread by Entamoeba histolytica. When a person eats open contaminated food from outside, he complains of loose motions.

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Symptoms of Diarrhea

loose motions is the common and only symptom of a person suffering from Diarrhea. Because there are no other symptoms other than this. Loose motion is very high in this and happens repeatedly. 

The patient has pain and cramps in the stomach and due to excessive loose motions, the condition of dehydration arises in the body of the patient and there is deficiency of mineral salts in the body due to which the patient starts feeling dizzy. If treatment is not received on time, the patient also dies.

Some of its common symptoms are as follows -

  1. defecation more than once a day.
  2. Vomit
  3. stomach ache
  4. to gag
  5. stomach cramps
  6. blood in stool
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Transmission of Diarrhea
Diarrhea is transmitted by the following factors-
  1. Due to infected or contaminated food, water etc.
  2. Due to poor personal health and unhygienic surroundings.

Medical examination
For the treatment of the patient, it is necessary to examine his feces so that the doctor can start treating the patient based on its result. The patient should be given proper rest and proper food should also be given. And the patient should consult a disease specialist doctor.

Some of its common symptoms are as follows -
  1. Having a bowel movement more than once a day.
  2. Vomit
  3. stomach ache
  4. to gag
  5. stomach cramps
  6. blood in stool

Prevention & Control
The following suggestions are being given for prevention and control of Diarrhea:-

 ➠  Maintain proper cleaning system.
 ➠  Cook food using clean, fresh water in clean utensils.
 ➠  Eat freshly prepared food.
 ➠  Be sure to wash hands and mouth before and after eating food.
 ➠  Keep food items covered from dust and flies.
 ➠  Drink clean water.

Extreme loss of water from the body at the time of Diarrhea, produces anhydrous. Therefore, ORS solution should be given to the patient immediately. ORS packets are available free of cost in primary health clinics and all hospitals.

What diet to take in case of Diarrhea?
In case of Diarrhea, the patient should take the following diet:-

 ➠  The patient should be given plain food without fried.
 ➠  To meet the lack of water in the patient's body, ORS solution should be given.
 ➠  Fiber rich food should be taken which should include oatmeal, porridge etc.
 ➠  Fruit juice should be taken.
 ➠  Eat fresh vegetables.
 ➠  Do not drink too much water during meals.

Diarrhea is a very common disease to see, but at one time it can also be very fatal, due to which the patient's life can also be lost, so in case of this disease, take proper care of the patient and keep consulting the doctor.

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